Historical background – Istanbul Convention Action against violence against women and domestic violence

COUNCIL OF EUROPE

As Europe’s leading human rights organisation, the Council of Europe has undertaken a series of initiatives to promote the protection of women against violence since the 1990s. In particular, these initiatives have resulted in the adoption, in 2002, of the Council of Europe Recommendation Rec(2002)5 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on the protection of women against violence, and the running of a Europe-wide campaign, from 2006-2008, to combat violence against women, including domestic violence. The Parliamentary Assembly has also taken a firm political stance against all forms of violence against women. It has adopted a number of resolutions and recommendations calling for legally-binding standards on preventing, protecting against and prosecuting the most severe and widespread forms of gender-based violence.

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Burning the Bible: Heresy and Translation in Occitania 1229 – 1250 Peter B. Nowell Burning the Bible: Heresy and Translation in Occitania 1229-1250

“Canon 14. We prohibit also that the laity should be permitted to have 

the books of the Old or the New Testament; unless anyone from 

motives of devotion should wish to have the Psalter or the Breviary 

for divine offices or the hours of the blessed Virgin; but we most 

strictly forbid their having any translation of these books.” (The Council of Toulouse, 1229.)1

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Persecution of Cathars, Albigenses and Waldenses Christian Heresy Persecution of Cathars, Albigenses and Waldenses

Abstract 

Four Church Councils in 1119, 1139, 1148 and 1163 declared the Cathars to be heretics. The Council of Toulouse in 1119 and then the Lateran Council of 1139 urged the secular powers to proceed violently against heresy—they did not. Even so, Cathars were burned or imprisoned in many places, but, William IX of Aquitaine and many of the nobles of the Midi continued to protect them. They valued their industry and integrity in a corrupt world. The French bishops at the Council of Tours (1163) discussed the presence of Cathars in Cologne, Bonn and Liege. They called them Manichæans, a taunt, for they knew they were not, and the Cathars called themselves the Good Christians. From 1180 to 1230, the Catholic Church enacted legislation against heresy, and set up a permanent tribunal, staffed by Dominican friars. It was the Inquisition. 

The Church had great faith in punishment for the body as a cure for rebellion in the spirit. 

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INTERNATIONAL WOMAN S RIGHTS

Around the world, women suffer punishment, violence and loss of freedom that is unfathomable for Americans. https://equalmeansequal.com/international-womens-rights/

From the United Nations come horrifying statistics: Victims of female genital mutilation – a ritual to remove a young girl’s clitoris to ensure her fidelity – number 130 million. Some 60 million girls become “child brides,” forced to marry, sometimes after being kidnapped and raped. Six hundred million women live in countries where domestic violence is not considered a crime. Every year as many as 5,000 women perish in ‘honor killings’ or punitive murder. Girls as young as 12 years old may be beaten, strangled, stoned or buried alive, for choosing what to wear or whom to marry, fleeing an abusive husband, even because their marriage dowries are considered insufficient.

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Women’s Human Rights

African women cheer for their rights
GLOBAL FUN FOR
WOM=NChampions for Equality

What are women’s human rights?

Women’s rights are the fundamental human rights that were enshrined by the United Nations for every human being on the planet nearly 70 years ago. These rights include the right to live free from violence, slavery, and discrimination; to be educated; to own property; to vote; and to earn a fair and equal wage.

As the now-famous saying goes, “women’s rights are human rights.” That is to say, women are entitled to all of these rights. Yet almost everywhere around the world, women and girls are still denied them, often simply because of their gender.

Winning rights for women is about more than giving opportunities to any individual woman or girl; it is also about changing how countries and communities work. It involves changing laws and policies, winning hearts and minds, and investing in strong women’s organizations and movements.

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Neue Frauenbewegung begann mit drei Tomaten

POLITK/Deutschland

VOR 40 JAHREN Veröffentlicht am 10.09.2008

Quelle: dpa/Manfred_Rehm

Am Anfang der Frauenbewegung von 1968 standen drei Tomaten: Als einzige Frau durfte die Berlinerin Helke Sander auf der Delegiertenkonferenz des Sozialistischen Deutschen Studentenbundes eine Rede halten. Die Genossen reagierten mit Ignoranz – und plötzlich trafen Tomaten den Cheftheoretiker Hans-Jürgen Krahl.0

Als die Berlinerin Helke Sander durfte als einzige Frau auf der Delegiertenkonferenz des Sozialistischen Deutschen Studentenbundes (SDS) am 13. September 1968 in Frankfurt am Main ihre Rede hielt, war das Thema die “Gleichberechtigung der Geschlechter”. Erbost über die Ignoranz und Arroganz, mit der die SDS-Genossen auf Sanders Rede reagierten, warf die Studentin Sigrid Rüger drei Tomaten und traf auf dem Podium Cheftheoretiker Hans-Jürgen Krahl.

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Was Sie über die Frauenbewegung wissen müssen

Veröffentlicht am 18.09.2017 |

frauenbewegung
Quelle: Unsplash/ roya ann miller

Wie ergeht es den Frauen im Abendland? Dass sie für Gleichberechtigung kämpfen, ist ein wichtiger Teil der europäischen Geschichte. Von der Antike über Hildegard von Bingen zum Frauenwahlrecht.6

Dass es mit der Unterdrückung der Frauen im Abendland nicht ganz so einfach werden würde, zeigte sich schon früh. Aristophanes, bei dem sich die Abendland-Exegetinnen nicht einig sind, ob sie ihn als Feministen avant la lettre oder eher als hämischen Frühverwitzler der weiblichen Emanzipation behandeln sollen, schrieb zwei Stücke: Um 411 vor Christus kam „Lysistrata“ auf die Bühne und 392 vor Christus sein Stück „Die Weibervolksversammlung“.

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